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chinese driving Road TesT Automated System Gives Chinese a License to Drive Twenty years ago, China was a nation of bicyclists. Today, automobiles have become a muchdesired means of transportation—even with the traffc jams now common in many large cities. Image credits: Wikimedia Commons 36 velocity 2013 TransformaTion of China's eConomy and society has accelerated rapidly over the past few decades. Perhaps nowhere is that as visible as the change in modes of private transportation, where the bicycle has been dethroned in favor of automobiles. Gone are the days of photos showing thousands of bicyclists pushing off from stoplights and flooding the streets of Beijing or Shanghai. Today, the highways, byways, and avenues of China's cities swarm with private automobiles. The change has been rapid and profound. In 2001 China had 18 million vehicles, of which 5 million were cars, according to a study by the U.S. National Research Council and the Chinese Academy of Engineering. By 2004, China Daily—an English-language newspaper recognized as authoritative in matters of state policy—observed that the nation was reaching "the end of its status as the world's 'bicycle kingdom' as an emerging middle class increasingly forgoes the clean and energy efficient transport in favour of the car." Data recently released by the Ministry of Public Security indicated that passenger car ownership in the People's Republic of China (PRC) had reached 120 million by the end of 2012. Last year, Xinhua news declared that China's "'two-wheel dream' has been upgraded to a 'four-wheel dream.'" Forbes recently reported that car sales jumped by 21.6 percent during the first quarter of 2013, following a modest—for China—growth of 7.7 percent in 2012. With its low rate of car ownership among its 1.3 billion population, China has room to grow—if perhaps not always room to drive. For more Solutions visit http:/ /

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